Letters and Sounds

Letters & Sounds.
 
At Hovingham Primary School the children are using the 'Letters and Sounds' program to help them to learn to read and write.
The Letters and Sounds program was introduced to the children in Reception and they continued to follow it in Year 1. The program moves quickly through all the different phonemes and the children are taught the skills to help them to blend and segment. Many of the children have made great progress, but other children have joined the cohort later, and others have achieved, but at a slower rate. All the children have been assessed on their phonic knowledge at the end of Year 1, so that we can continue the program from where each child is, by working in small groups at different levels.
 
I have made these resources to help to teach the different phases in the program. Each Smart Notebook will contain games and handwriting pages as we are also teaching handwriting skills along with the learning of the different phonemes and graphemes. Some of the sounds on the files do not work when downloaded from the web as the sound files made the files too big to upload.
 
 
Useful Websites.
 
As these resources were put together to support the children in Year 2 the Smartnote books begin at Phase 2. Information about Phase 1 can be found on the first link and is focused on oral work and the child's ability to recognise different sounds.
 
 
Phase 2.
Set 1:      s          a         t         p
Set 2:       i          n         m       d
Previously to using 'Letters and Sounds' we have used 'Jolly Phonics' and these 2 sets are very similar to the first letters taught in this program so resources from it could be used alongside.
 
Phase 2. Set 1 & 2. Smartnote book with sound files, images and handwriting sheets.
 
Set 3:     g         o          c        k
With the phonemes the children have learned in Set 1,2, and 3 they can blend and segment a range of CVC words. This Smartnote book has several games and also handwriting sheets for the vowels a, i and o. The cubes are movable and represent the 'Phonix' cubes we have in class, and the round buttons represent sound buttons. They have sound files attached, so moving the buttons will mean that the sound files become lost from the buttons.
Also on the title page, if you click on the star it plays a positive song, 'Give them a clap'.
 
Phase 2. Set 1, 2 & 3. Click title for Smartnote book.
 
Set 4:    ck       e       u       r
 
Phase 2. Set 1,2,3 & 4. This Smartnote book has activities and handwriting sheets that revise already learned phonemes and then look at ck, e, and u.
Phase 2. Words and sound buttons. Using the phonemes learned to make CVC and longer words.
 
Set 5.      h      b     f, ff       l, ll      ss
 
Phase 2. Set 1,2,3,4 & 5.  Contains pages with 'phonix' cubes for all the phonemes learned so far, and phoneme frames. Also images of words using the phonemes and handwriting sheets.
 
This Smartnote book is a single page which has a game that can be played on the Interactive whiteboard. The arrows are the counters and can be moved along the snake. If you need more players, just clone or copy an arrow and change the colour. The idea is to roll the 2 dice and move on that number of spaces, but you can only land if you can spell out the word that you hear at that space. If you land on a space by the bridge you cross over if you can spell the word at the other end as well. If you land at the far side of the bridge, you have to go back the other side, if you don't spell the word correctly! Children could use drywipe boards to write down the CVC words that they hear, or answer orally. The word sound files are attached to the file, so it would be possible to change the order of the words.
 
This Smartnote book has 3 pages. Page 1 has the phonemes for Phase 2 set 1-3, with sound buttons for each phoneme. Sound files are attached to the file so the button when clicked on will make the sound. Page 2 has all the phonemes for Phase 2, Set 1-5. The pages also have pictures of words that can be sounded out with these phonemes. Page 2 has cubes with sounds attached and a phoneme frame. 
 
The file has pictures with captions to place under them, also a dice with the tricky words the, to, I, no, go. 
 
By the end of Phase 2 children will know around 19 phonemes and will be able to use them to segment and blend vc and cvc words.
Children working in this phase will work in a small group and will also use phonix cubes and the Jolly Phonics Stamping sets. The Smartnotes can be loaded on to the Fizz Books so that the group can play some of the games on these. Their phonics sessions need to be fun and interactive.
 

Phase 3.

During Phase 3 the children will learn another 25 graphemes, most of them being digraphs - containing 2 letters. In handwriting sessions - when the letters can be joined together this will be taught as it reinforces the concept of 2 letters making 1 phoneme.
 
Smartnote contains pictures of words with the phonemes and handwriting sheets. Model the handwriting on the interactive white board - and the sheets can be printed out for the children to use.
 
Phase 3. Set 7.       y,       z, zz      qu.
I haven't made a Smartnote book file for this set of phonemes as there are very few simple words that children could sound put with these phonemes - how every they should be able to hear the sound as an initial or final phoneme & practise will still be needed to help with the correct formation of the letters.
 
Phase 3. Consonant digraphs.
The 3 Smartnote book files above have games for the phonemes, ch, ng, th, and sh. They also have handwriting sheets - ch, ng and th can be taught with the 2 letters joined together and this helps the children remember that the 2 letters make 1 phoneme.
Sound buttons is a game that works on the interactive white board and each button when pressed makes the sound of the phoneme. If children are recording the sounds on their whiteboards 'Letters and Sounds' encourages the children to draw a line for digraphs and a dot for single letter phonemes.
 
When children have learned all the phonemes up to this point it is important that they get to play lots of words games, and feel confident and proud of the skills they have learned so far. With this confidence they should be encouraged to write independently and attempt to sound out unfamiliar words.
 
 
Phase 3 vowel graphemes.
Letters and Sounds at this stage teaches the following vowel graphemes -
 
ai   ee   igh   oa  oo - Smartnote book with games and handwriting sheets for these vowel graphemes.
 
Previously when we have used 'Jolly Phonics' we have taught all the different ways of making the long vowel sounds before moving on to the other vowel graphemes. These other alternatives are not introduced until Phase 5, but we will teach them as we do the long vowel sounds as they have been covered once in Year 1, and while some children may remember them, this has tended to be the area that many of the children have previously found tricky.

Site traffic information shows that the Smartnote books I have uploaded in this section have proved useful, so I am uploading a few more.... I hope they are of use. Please feel free to contact me, through the link on the home page - if there is something specific that you are searching for, or just to leave a comment. Thanks :-)
 

Below are Smartnote books for Long Vowel Sounds.
ay, ai, a-e
ee, ea,
ie, igh, i-e
oa, ow,
Long vowel game



 

 
 

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